Trott C.D, Harman J.J, Kaufman M.R. There have been growing reports of prevailing crimes in Jenila district of Harar city. “It’s not fair,” says Beshadu Degife, who lives down the lane. In doing so it introduced the notion of ethnic ownership of cities and towns. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. There is a deep well of anger in the suburbs and countryside around the Ethiopian capital. Most study conducted on violence against … In Ethiopia, all land is owned by the state. Amharic-speakers are still perceived to control much of the urban economy. The third chapter provides the international and African regional legal response, for domestic violence which is ratified by both Ethiopia and South Africa. Urban violence is regularly ascribed, not to cities or urbanization processes, even less to the gov-ernments who decide their progress, but to But similar conflicts fester elsewhere, sometimes turning violent, as in the eastern city of Harar, where a minority of ethnic Harari enjoyed political privileges at the expense of much larger Oromo and Amhara populations. The Oromo have long complained of exclusion from political process. Disclosure bias for group versus individual reporting of violence amongst conflict-affected adolescent girls in DRC and Ethiopia. ( Log Out /  Ethnic violence erupted in Ethiopia after the killing of singer Hachalu Hundessa. The edges of cities are often flashpoints of ethnic violence. What mummified baboons say about globalisation, South Africa’s black middle class has prospered under democracy. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Although the constitution guarantees free land to farmers, in practice farmers and poor folk in cities have few legal protections from eviction, says Logan Cochrane, also of Hawassa University. While recognising that “Our fathers lost their land, so we have nothing to inherit,” says Tsige’s son Betemariam. “At the core this is about the concentration of economic power and opportunity in urban areas,” says Eshetayehu Kinfu of Hawassa University near Shashamene. Sexual violence is also reportedly common. Establishing cities sometimes involved the eviction of those already on the land, including the Oromo clans who lived on ground that was taken for Addis Ababa. Violence Against Women. Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and food insecurity are an ever growing public health concerns in Ethiopia. 1 General Overview: Sexual and Gender based Violence- Ethiopia Gender power imbalance, prevalent gender inequalities, impunity and gender discrimination remain the root causes of sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) in Ethiopia2. As many as 78 people have been killed in ethnically motivated clashes in the Oromia region, Harari region and the city of Dire Dawa in the past week, the Ethiopian government confirmed Thursday. In recent months, some Oromo activists who initially supported Abiy have become more critical, accusing ignoring he legitimate interests of the Oromo people. An added sore is that public housing built on land that belonged to Oromo farmers was typically given to more prosperous city-dwellers. The latest bout was triggered by national politics: many Oromos saw Hachalu’s murder as an attack on the Oromo opposition movement. Much of central Shashamene, a booming entrepot some 200km south, was burned to the ground. New housing estates were pelted with stones, cars and petrol stations were set alight. to violence – both criminality and youth participation in political violence and armed groups. Domestic violence is common in Ethiopia both urban and rural families. This is particularly pronounced in the case of Addis Ababa, in which the constitution granted Oromia a “special interest”. Change ). This perception may further aggravate tensions. Ethiopia’s domestic politics have produced violence and continuing tension over the past two years. Disentangling urban adolescents’ vulnerability to age- and gender-based violence through a capability lens in Ethiopia and Rwanda. Ethiopia urban population for 2018 was 22,678,295, a 4.94% increase from 2017. Gender Based Violence 54 6.3.1 Interpersonal Violence 54 6.3.2 Domestic Violence 55 … 2016. The threads that connect the carnage in Oromia with the plight of Tsige’s family are real, even if hard to see. Photo: Nathalie Bertrams/GAGE. under the Urban Assistance programme and the Out of Camp Policy. 5.4. In Ethiopia there is a great degree of stigma attached to children who are raised without a father figure. Major Objectives 1. Article 620 of the 2004 Criminal Code of Ethiopia, defines rape differently as compelled "sexual intercourse outside wedlock". In Shashamene mobs went from door to door checking identity cards, which record ethnicity, before burning property belonging to Christians and non-Oromos. This is thought to be particularly the case in countries with a high proportion of young people – ‘youth bulges’. A life of modest comfort teetered toward destitution. violence as a trigger for urban violence The now largely accepted argument that deprivation is itself a form of violence gained prominence with John Galtung’s (1991) work on “struc- “…While the country mourns the loss Hachalu Hundesa, the Chairperson appeals for calm, restraint by all sides and calls on all Ethiopians to refrain from acts that could further escalate the current situation” reads the statement of the African Union Chairman H.E Moussa Faki Mahamat, who is monitoring the recent developments in Ethiopia closely, following the killing of Haacaalu Hundeessaa. All rights reserved. Ethiopia, with the goal of informing the development of a pilot survey instrument to measure the prevalence and impact of GBI in selected urban slums of the same three cities. Ethiopia: urban violence continues Posted on July 2, 2020 by Europe correspondent Leave a comment Six people were injured on July 2 in slashes between Ethiopian security forces and mourners attempting to attend the funeral of Oromo singer and activist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa, whose assassination earlier this week sparked protests, causing violent death of at least 80 people. Several years ago the Ethiopian authorities confiscated almost all of it to build public housing for residents of Addis Ababa, the capital. She sold her cows and began buying jerry cans because water from the nearby river had become toxic. VIOLENCE OF URBANIZATION, POOR NEIGHBOURHOODS AND LARGE-SCALE PROJECTS: LESSONS FROM ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA BUILT ENVIRONMENT VOL 40 NO 3 419 symbolic violence in urban spaces. 1. [Read] H.E @AUC_MoussaFaki Chairperson of the African Union Commission appeals for calm in Ethiopia: https://t.co/HZYlmgfu4H#Ethiopia pic.twitter.com/gksWUQPJyO, — African Union (@_AfricanUnion) July 2, 2020. In July riots took place near Tsige’s home after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular … 2. In recent years towns and cities in southern Ethiopia, especially in Oromia, have been flashpoints for political and ethnic turmoil. The urban populace is divided and extremely hostile to the regime in power. In July riots took place near Tsige’s home after the assassination of Hachalu Hundessa, a popular musician and activist from the Oromo ethnic group. for domestic violence, as well as state intervention strategies. Ethiopia has one of the highest prevalence of both physical and sexual violence by their intimate partner. ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia — Weeks after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed is coming under harsh criticism over his silence in the face of … Copyright © The Economist Newspaper Limited 2021. The Chairperson calls on the Government of Ethiopia to bring the perpetrators of such heinous act to face justice and encourages all sides to resolve differences through dialogue and peaceful means in order to allow adequate efforts towards preventing and controlling the COVID-19 pandemic. This is thought to be particularly the case in countries with a high of... On the Oromo 5.06 % increase from 2015 spoke Amharic and dominated commerce... Ethiopia there is a source of revenue, rents and patronage great degree of stigma attached to children who raised! Typically given to more prosperous city-dwellers it to build public housing built on land belonged! Mobs went from door to door checking identity cards, which record ethnicity, before burning belonging... 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